Search This Blog

Wednesday, December 4, 2013

Public Opinion and Foreign Policy

Our chapter on national security and foreign policy notes that idealism has influenced America's relations with the world.  That strain of thought is in eclipse, as the Pew Research Center reports:
U.S. political leaders have long spoken of America’s democracy as pivotal to its role in the world, whether it was Woodrow Wilson declaring in 1917 that the U.S. must enter World War I to make the world “safe for democracy,” or George W. Bush saying, on his re-election in 2004, that “It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture.”
But promoting democracy in other nations in recent decades has not been a top priority for the American public. A new Pew Research Center survey on “America’s Place in the World” found that just 18% of those surveyed cited this as a topforeign policy objective, putting it at the bottom of a list of priorities. Since 1993, the share of Americans saying promotion of democracy was a top priority has never topped 29%.
This sentiment has become particularly pointed when it comes to the situation in the Middle East and North Africa after the Arab Spring uprisings beginning in 2010 against authoritarian regimes gave way to turmoil in many of the affected countries.
A survey conducted in Oct. 2012 pointed to the disillusion that had set in. Those believing the Arab Spring would lead to lasting improvements dropped from 42% in April 2011 to 25%, and along with that change, the U.S. public began putting less importance on democracy in the region than in having stable governments. That view is even more pronounced in the latest survey than it was last year: 63% now put more importance on stable governments while 28% see democracy as a priority.