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Friday, September 12, 2014

The Constitution and Contemporary Politics

Tenth Annual Constitution Day Conference
Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
Simi Valley, California 
September 13, 2014

  • To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;
  • To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;
  • To provide and maintain a Navy;
  • To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces...
Powers of the President (Article II, section 2):
  •  The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; 
Declared and Undeclared Wars
Executive Power 

  • The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America ...
  • [H]e shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States. 
Uses of Power


Powers of Congress (Article I, sections 2 and 3):
  • The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. 
  • The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.
  • Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law

The Affordable Care Act

Powers of Congress (Article I, section 8)