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Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Civic Duty and Civic Education

Yesterday's post inlcuded an AP poll showing a decline in civic duty, Despite such data, Rebecca Burgess writes at AEI, there are signs of hope:
Few would contest that the majority of Americans’ dissatisfaction with the direction of government has become something of a national pastime in recent years. Fewer still would deny that the national discourse about proposed solutions for our political woes resembles anything but a discourse. But the seemingly stark political landscape has caused a welcome budding of interest in the role that long-neglected notions of civics and civic education courses play in the nation’s short- and long-term health. After 40-plus years of having to wander in the education agenda desert, civics in 2014 began to be welcomed back into the classroom, everywhere from Massachusetts to Florida to California.
Coalitions in seven states have launched a movement to require students to pass the US Citizenship exam as a requirement for graduation, and the movement is gaining traction. By 2017, legislatures in all 50 states will consider the identical issue, if the national campaign mounted by the Civics Education Initiative succeeds. Meanwhile, Massachusetts went one step farther, when its Board of Higher Education adopted the policy (the first in the nation) to make civics a part of every undergraduate degree at state community colleges and public four-year colleges and universities, beginning in the fall 2014 semester.
Considering that only 24% of high school seniors were “proficient” in civics skills and knowledge in 2010 according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, and considering that just this September, 35% of Americans at large couldn’t name even one branch of the US government according to an Annenburg Public Policy Center survey, the action on the civics education front is excellent news. As research published by AEI’s own Program on American Citizenship has shown, relevant data definitely shows that consequential civics assessments—tests required for graduation—do increase the civic knowledge of students, most especially of Hispanic and minority students. And surely, a national discourse is more likely to be fruitful when all participants have a working knowledge of the basic structure of government.